Reality and Society Parents who Drug their Children & Children using Drugs
Drug Stats on Infants:
1. The number of babies that are estimated to be born every year with a dependency to at least one substance: 440,000.
2. There is 1 baby born every hour in the United States that is suffering from opiate withdrawal. https://healthresearchfunding.....org/20-profound-drug
Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a postnatal drug withdrawal syndrome that occurs primarily among opioid-exposed infants shortly after birth, often manifested by central nervous system irritability, autonomic overreactivity, and gastrointestinal tract dysfunction https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volum....es/65/wr/mm6531a2.ht
70% of chronic opiate users will have a baby that is born dependent.
3. Alcohol used during pregnancy can result in FASD. An estimated 40,000 newborns each year are affected by FAS, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, or have FASD, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, with damage ranging from major to subtle.
1 in 100 babies have FASD, nearly the same rate as Autism. FASD is more prevalent than Down Syndrome, Cerebral Palsy, SIDS, Cystic Fibrosis, and Spina Bifida combined. Alcohol use during pregnancy is the leading preventable cause of birth defects, developmental disabilities, and learning disabilities.
Children born to women who engage in moderate to severe drinking during pregnancy run the risk of their child being born with a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, a classification which includes the three main disorders relating to alcohol consumption: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE), and Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND).
The Institute of Medicine says, “Of all the substances of abuse (including cocaine, heroin, and marijuana), alcohol produces by far the most serious neurobehavioral effects in the fetus.” https://www.nofas.org/factsheets/
4. Estimates suggest that about 5 percent of pregnant women use one or more addictive substances, and there are around 750,000 cocaine-exposed pregnancies every year.
Cocaine use during pregnancy is associated with maternal migraines and seizures, premature membrane rupture, and separation of the placental lining from the uterus prior to delivery https://www.drugabuse.gov/publ....ications/research-re
A 2000 study examining the long term effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on babies found that neurological changes take place in-utero due to the drug’s effect on dopamine and serotonin pathways. However, studies on laboratory animals indicate these neural pathways return to normal into adulthood. Despite this, behavioral issues remain. Researchers believe prenatal exposure to cocaine might lead to an increased risk of seizures, depression, schizophrenia, and Parkinson’s disease in adults. http://www.drugrehab.org/drug-....addiction-and-babies
5. Unfortunately, heroin use is all too prevalent; the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health report showed that 329,000 people in the US reported using heroin in the past month This includes women of childbearing age. The survey found that approximately 79,000 women aged 15-44 in the US reported using heroin in the past month.
Heroin is a drug that appears to have a significant impact not only on the behaviors and cognitive development of children exposed to heroin prenatally, but also on the stability of their home environment. https://drugabuse.com/library/heroin-pregnancy/
Heroin use during pregnancy can result in neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). https://www.drugabuse.gov/publ....ications/research-re
Heroin use can also be deadly to the developing fetus or the newborn baby. Aside from increased miscarriage risk due to complications like placental abruption, illicit drug use during pregnancy increases the risk of stillbirth (death of a baby in the womb after 20 weeks of pregnancy) by 2 to 3 times